MÁRIO EMÍLIO DE MORAIS SACRAMENTO
Mário Emílio De Morais Sacramento (July 7, 1920 - March 27, 1969) was a Portuguese physician and essayist that became famous for his antifascist activities against the dictatorial regime led by Oliveira Salazar in Portugal.
Mário Sacramento was born in Ílhavo, in the Aveiro District and studied medicine in Coimbra, Lisbon, Porto and finally graduated in Paris. He started his writing activity very soon and became a regular contributor to several newspapers and magazines, such as "O Diabo" (The Devil), "Sol Nascente" (Rising Sun), "Vértice" or the "Diário de Lisboa" (Lisbon Daily).
Sacramento also published several essays about Eça de Queiroz, Moniz Barreto, Cesário Verde, Fernando Namora or Fernando Pessoa, which made him become a very respected person among the Portuguese intellectuals.
Due to his intellectual activities and Anti-fascist and democratic feelings, Sacramento soon developed connections to the Portuguese Communist Party, at the time, the only organized resistance movement against the dictatorship. For that reason he became a member of the Central Commission of the youth wing of the Movement of Democratic Unity (MUD), the only opposition movement "allowed" by the regime, and which congregated almost all those who were against the dictatorship. There, he developed his political activities and became famous among the democratic resistance. He was one of the main organizers of the 1st and 2nd Republican Congresses in Aveiro, congresses that in a somewhat secret way, traced important guidelines to the anti-fascist struggle, and was honoured in the 3rd, only carried out after his death.
Sacramento was arrested for 5 times by the political polie, PIDE, the first time in 1938, when he was a member of the students’ union in a high school of Aveiro.
As a result of a long election process he was chosen as the patron of our school. After the agreement of the City Hall authorities, his name was finally given to the school, on the 27th March, 2002.
One of his most remarkable sentences was:
“Make a better world, do you hear me? Don’t force me to come back!”